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Identified and reconstructed by Hildegaard and Julius Lewy in the s, the calendar's use dates back to at least the 3rd millennium BCE in Western Mesopotamia and surrounding areas; it was used by the Canaanite tribes, thought by some to have been used by the Israelites prior to King Solomon , and related to the liturgical calendar of the Essenes at Qumran.

Used well into the modern age, forms of it have been found in Nestorianism and among the Palestinian fellaheen. Julius Morgenstern believed that the calendar of the Jubilees had ancient origins as a somewhat modified survival of the pentecontad calendar.

In relating to the seventh and other days of the month, the Zoroastrian calendar contributed to the Jewish calendar.

Further evidence of Zoroastrian influence on Judaic tradition is demonstrated through Nehemiah , the Priest in the Book of Nehemiah , a book of the Neviim contained in the Tanakh.

For exemplar, the observance of Passover coincides with Nowruz , the Zoroastrian New Year which marks the first day of spring or vernal Equinox.

It occurs every seven or eight days, in accordance with the four phases of the moon. Buddha taught that Uposatha is for "the cleansing of the defiled mind", resulting in inner calm and joy.

On this day, disciples and monks intensify their practice, deepen their knowledge, and express communal commitment through millennia-old acts of lay-monastic reciprocity.

Thai Chinese likewise observe their Sabbaths and traditional Chinese holidays according to lunar phases, but not on exactly the same days as Uposatha.

These Sabbaths cycle through the month with respect to the Thai solar calendar , so common Thai calendars incorporate Thai and Chinese calendar lunar dates, as well as Uposatha dates, for religious purposes.

The first day of the new moon , beginning at sunrise, is a holiday of quiet reflection and prayer among the Cherokee. Monthly fasting is encouraged, for up to four days.

Work, cooking, sex and childbirth were also prohibited during the empty moon days, called "un-time" or "non-days"; childbirth during these days was considered unlucky.

The Cherokee new year , the "great new moon" or "Hunting Moon", is the first new moon in autumn , after the setting of the Pleiades star cluster and around the time of the Leonids meteoric shower.

One folk tradition in English is the widespread use of "Sabbath" as a synonym of midnight-to-midnight "Saturday" literally, Saturn 's day in at least a dozen languages : this is a simplification of the use of "Sabbath" in other religious contexts, where the two do not coincide.

Using midnight instead of sundown as delimiter dates back to the Roman Empire. In over thirty other languages, the common name for this day in the seven-day week is a cognate of "Sabbath".

It was also believed in the Balkans that someone born on a Saturday could see a vampire when it was otherwise invisible. The annual cycle of the Earth's seasons is called the Wheel of the Year in Wicca and neopaganism.

Eight sabbats occasionally "sabbaths", or "Sun sabbats" are spaced at approximately even intervals throughout the year. Samhain , which coincides with Halloween , is considered the first sabbat of the year.

An esbat is a ritual observance of the full moon in Wicca and neopaganism. Some groups extend the esbat to include the dark moon and the first and last quarters.

European records from the Middle Ages to the 17th century or later also place Witches' Sabbaths on similar dates to sabbats in modern Wicca, but with some disagreement; medieval reports of sabbat activity are generally not firsthand and may be imaginative, but many persons were accused of, or tried for, taking part in sabbats.

The Unification Church has a regular day of worship on Sunday, but every eight days Unificationists celebrate the day of Ahn Shi Il, considered as Sabbath but cycling among the weekdays of the Gregorian calendar.

Secular use of "Sabbath" for "rest day", while it usually refers to the same period of time Sunday as the majority Christian use of "Sabbath", is often stated in North America to refer to different purposes for the rest day than those of Christendom.

In McGowan v. Maryland , the Supreme Court of the United States held that contemporary Maryland blue laws typically, Sunday rest laws were intended to promote the secular values of "health, safety, recreation, and general well-being" through a common day of rest, and that this day coinciding with majority Christian Sabbath neither reduces its effectiveness for secular purposes nor prevents adherents of other religions from observing their own holy days.

Massachusetts , uncharacteristically, does not specify the weekday in its "Day of Rest" statute, providing only that one day off from work is required every week; an unspecified weekly day off is a very widespread business production cycle.

The Supreme Court of Canada , in R. Big M Drug Mart Ltd. Edwards Books and Art Ltd. The weekend is that period of the week set aside by custom or law for rest from labor.

In many countries it is Saturday and Sunday and often includes Friday night. This five-day workweek arose in America when labor unions attempted to accommodate Jewish Sabbath, beginning at a New England cotton mill and also instituted by Henry Ford in ; it became standard in America by about and spread among English-speaking and European countries to become the international workweek.

China adopted it in and Hong Kong by India and some other countries follow both the international workweek and a more traditional Saturday half-workday and Sunday weekend.

While Indonesia and Lebanon have the international workweek, most Muslim countries count Friday as the weekend, alone or with Thursday all or half or Saturday.

Some universities permit a three-day weekend from Friday to Sunday. Only the one-day customary or legal weekends are usually called "Sabbath".

State-mandated rest days are widespread. The reform calendar of the French Revolution was used from to It contained twelve months of three ten-day weeks; the five or six extra days needed to approximate the tropical year were placed after the months at the end of each year.

Three weeks a year were six or seven days, because interrupted by holidays. From to , the Soviets mandated a six-day week, with state rest days for all upon the 6th, 12th, 18th, 24th, and 30th of each Gregorian month , as well as upon March 1.

This also necessitated varying weeks of five to seven days over the year. Among many calendar reform proposals that eliminate the constant seven-day week in exchange for simplified calculation of calendrical data like weekday names for given dates, some retain Sabbatical influences.

The Hermetic Lunar Week Calendar uses moon phases , resulting in weeks of six to nine days. The International Fixed Calendar and World Calendar both consist of day years containing exactly 52 weeks each starting on a day designated as Sunday , with an additional one or two intercalary "blank" days not designated as part of any week Year Day and Leap Day in the International Fixed Calendar; Worldsday and Leapyear Day in the World Calendar.

Reform supporters sought to accommodate Sabbatical observance by retaining the modified week and designating the intercalary days as additional Sabbaths or holidays ; however, religious leaders held that such days disrupt the traditional seven-day weekly cycle.

This unresolved issue contributed to the cessation of reform activities in the s International Fixed Calendar and again in World Calendar , though supporters of both proposals remain.

The subbotnik is a weekly day of volunteer work on Saturday in Russia , other former Soviet republics , the Eastern Bloc , and the German Democratic Republic , sporadically observed since The voskresnik is a related volunteer workday on Sunday.

They focus on community service work; " Lenin 's Subbotnik" was also observed annually around his birthday. From the biblical sabbatical year came the modern concept of a sabbatical , a prolonged, often one-year, hiatus in the career of an individual not usually tied to a seven-year period.

Such a period is often taken in order to fulfill some goal such as writing a book or traveling extensively for research. Some universities and other institutional employers of scientists, physicians, or academics offer paid sabbatical as an employee benefit, called "sabbatical leave"; some companies offer unpaid sabbatical for people wanting to take career breaks.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Day set aside for rest and worship. This article is about rest or worship time.

For other uses, see Sabbath disambiguation. Further information: Biblical Sabbath. See also: Hebrew calendar. Main article: Shabbaton.

Main article: Sabbath in Christianity. See also: Gregorian calendar. Further information: Puritan Sabbath. Main article: Sabbath in seventh-day churches.

Main articles: Sabbath in Christianity and Sabbath in seventh-day churches. See also: New moon. Main article: Day of the Vow. Main article: Millennial Day Theory.

Main article: Jumu'ah. See also: Islamic calendar. Main article: Seven-day week. Main article: High Sabbaths.

See also: Zoroastrian festivals. See also: Second Temple. Main article: Uposatha. Further information: Wan Phra. Further information: Saturday.

See also: Sabbat , Esbat , and Witches' Sabbath. See also: Ahn Shi Il. See also: Secular day of rest and Weekend.

Main article: sabbatical. Judaism portal Christianity portal Islam portal. Retrieved 13 May Israelology: the missing link in systematic theology.

Tustin, Calif. Leviticus: A Study Guide Commentary. Grand Rapids:Zondervan Publishing House. Parliament of Tonga. Retrieved 20 August American Journal of Human Genetics.

III, chap. Henry Tuberville, D. Augsburg Confession. When he recovered from his wounds, he and Graves made a second attempt on September This was so secretive and well-executed that their fellow prisoners were as astonished as their guards.

The following day, the Connecticut Courant reported the escape and described the pair:. Whoever shall take up and return to the goal in Hartford, the aforesaid McKay and Greaves, shall be entitled to 50 dollars reward for said McKay, and 20 dollars for said Graves, by Ezekiel Williams, Sheriff [9].

MacKay and Graves made their way to Canada, where the former was given a warrant to raise a company of Canadians for the upcoming campaign.

As well, he received other assignments, including the leadership of a reconnaissance mission to Lakes Champlain and George.

His great grandfather had been a naval captain; his grandfather commanded a fort near Lachine; his father, whom he was named after, was a Chevalier de St.

When they launched the craft to return to the fort, they were challenged from the shore and shots were exchanged. By Native reckoning, their losses were severe, and they noted that the regulars had failed to support them during the fighting, which prompted the Canada Indians to go home.

When de Lorimier caught up with them, a council was assembled, during which a Huron warrior from Lorette asserted that the rebels had the fort so thoroughly blockaded that no one could get through.

De Lorimier took his leave and disproved this claim by cleverly infiltrating in and out of the fort, then returned to the council. His feat and persuasive oratory convinced the Kahnawakes and they returned a party to the fort.

The governor accepted the challenge and assigned Chevalier to command some Canadian militiamen for an attack across the St.

Lawrence on rebel-occupied Longueuil, but the attempt was a disaster, and several days later, the fort succumbed. De Lorimier declined to accompany Carleton to Quebec City, and instead obtained permission to retire upriver to assemble a war party to make a strike at a suitable opportunity; however, he remained in Montreal for a considerable time, and so upset the rebel occupiers by agitating the citizenry that he was forced to flee to the upper country.

These Natives and a company of regulars laid siege to the rebel post at The Cedars. De Lorimier was prominent in forcing the surrender of the garrison and gaining a victory over a rebel reinforcement at Quinze Chiens.

He was also a signatory to the cartel whereby the prisoners taken in the two actions were to be exchanged for British and Canadian captives.

The siege of Quebec City was raised by the arrival of a strong reinforcement from Britain, and the rebels pushed upriver to the Richelieu.

When de Lorimier crossed the St. Lawrence, he joined Carleton and his senior officers, including Maj. Despite moving at speed, his detachment was outpaced; however, this assignment confirmed that he was among the most important of the loyal Canadians.

Christopher Carleton, who had lived at Kahnawake for several years and become acculturated to the Native way of life.

He was brave, resourceful and talented. If any of his characteristics deserved criticism, it may have been his brashness and tendency to gasconade.

Samuel MacKay and Guillaume de Lorimier undoubtedly knew each other, as Quebec society was small and both were of the gentry.

As well, they had military careers in their past, and immediately volunteered for service when the province was threatened. They had served together during the defense of Fort St.

Both men had large reputations for their adventurous spirits and accomplishments, and the egos to match. To judge from their reports of the scouting mission, they may have viewed each other as competitors.

MacLine and Mr. He said that between the two lakes [Lake George and Lake Champlain] there lived a Loyalist named Adams, and that one could obtain true information from him.

I said that I knew the man and that I could undertake the journey. McKay said that he would come along with me as well, and that he would bring a party of whites.

We decided to slip out of Montreal quietly and go to St. Regis [Akwesasne], find Indians to accompany us, not wanting to trust the Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes].

Alexander Fraser, the deputy commander of the Quebec Indian Department, held a council with the Natives. Fourteen warriors were persuaded to follow him.

Lorime [Chevalier de Lorimier], St. Regis, find Indians to accompany us, not wanting to trust the Caughnawagas.

The Indians refused to go in a body to examine the different posts, alledging they would certainly be cut off. Finding the Indians averse to going in a Body I proposed to divide in four different parties; one to go to Ticonderoga, One to Crown Point, one to Skenesborough, and one to Fort George.

They agreed to go to three of the Places but objected going to Skenesborough. This being agreed on, consented by the Indians we seperated, one party, Messrs.

Brancoinet and la Bonte [21] with three Indians with orders to go to Crown Point. The Chevalier was far more inured to such problems than MacKay.

His account reads,. We crossed all the mountains in order to reach the mouth of Lake George where we arrived on the twentieth of March.

Within an hour of our arrival who should come by but Adams along with two American soldiers who were driving some young horses toward Grande Pointe to pick up their food.

We seized all three men and I had some difficulty in keeping the Indians from harming them; one Indian called me faint-hearted and said I was afraid of the enemy.

One of the men they took was Samuel Adams, the Loyalist they had been told to seek out for information. McKoy with about 18 Cocknewago Indians, about 3 o clock afternoon five miles North of Sabath day point.

When the Indians went after them I desired Mr. Lorime to see that they did not use any cruelties towards them. So soon as the Indians had taken those men they wanted to return home without executing any thing further.

Just then, I spotted seven men on the ice, but quite far out on the lake. Once there, however, we saw that instead of being seven they were seventeen, all riflemen.

Remember though, if one of you is willing to lead, I will be the first to follow. The Indians plundered the prisoners of their cloathing which I purchased of them again in part to cover the Prisoners from the cold.

Adams being well acquainted with Capt. McKoy, he pleading that he was only an inhabitant did not belong to the Army obtained Leave to return after marching In May , seventeen-year-old Thomas Man, a member of a prominent Stillwater family and a pre-war militia lieutenant, had been brought before the Albany Committee of Correspondence as a suspected Tory.

During his trudge northward, he was intercepted at Sabbath Day Point by a detachment of rangers commanded by Captain Baldwin.

MacKay noted that his party and the prisoners left the lake on March 20 to go to the appointed rendezvous to meet the other scouts.

The next day, he reported,. Finding Samuel Adams, a Royalist who lives on the Landing place at Lake George not in condition to follow us, after getting from him every information I suffered him to return being afraid that by his not being able to march the Indians might kill him.

We arrived at the place of rendezvous where we met Mr. La Ronde examined the situation of Fort George and the works about it and give pretty nearly the same account as Samuel Adams.

I have examined none of the Prisoners that we brought nor has any of the Party. We arrived at Montreal with a Captain and twenty-one men Prisoners.

I must observe that the Indians in prosecuting our route to Tyconderoga very much retarded us by idling away their time and in not following my orders of march, as a convincing proof of it I must take notice that we performed the same journey in ten days in returning which had taken us Twenty three days in going.

I was informed by Messrs. Lorime and St. These events greatly alarmed the rebel garrison of Ticonderoga.

Colonel Anthony Wayne wrote to the governor and council of Massachusetts on March 25,. Gentlemen: —A party of Cochnawago Indians, under the command of a Captain McCoy, of the British forces, have killed several of our people, and taken Captain Baldwin, with twenty-one men, prisoners, at a place called Sabbath-day Point, on the 20th instant, by which means the enemy, who are now all collected at Montreal, Chambly, St.

It is the opinion of those who are best acquainted with Lake Champlain, that it will be navigable in the course of two or three weeks at farthest. It is, therefore, my duty to inform you that we have not more than twelve hundred men, sick and well, officers included, on the ground; four hundred of which are militia, whose times expire in ten days; nor from what I can learn, by the best authority, is there any probability of a sufficient number of troops arriving from the eastward, for a very considerable time, as few, if any of their regiments are near full, and great part of those who were enlisted have deserted or are straggling through the country.

Add to this, that their officers seem seized with a general torpor which can not be accounted for , especially at a time when every effort is absolutely necessary to push on the troops, and to give them some idea of duty and discipline previous to their entering into action.

I must beg, sir, that you would once more endeavor to rouse the public officers in those States from their shameful lethargy before it be too late.

I do assure you that there is not one moment to spare in bringing in troops and the necessary supplies. The few men I have on the ground are put to hard, very hard duty; but they go through all with a ready cheerfulness, conscious of the pressing necessity.

Whilst I am writing, Mr. Adams, who lives at Lake George landing, has arrived almost spent. He, with Captain Baldwin of the Rangers, belonging to Stillwater, and twenty-one men, were made prisoners at Sabbath-day Point by a party of Cochnawago Indians and Canadians, amounting to about twenty, under the command of Captain McCoy, of the Regulars.

Adams and two of the soldiers were taken last Wednesday afternoon. Lieutenant Henry defended himself with great bravery for a considerable time, dangerously wounding two of the Indians with his navy [dirk?

He at last fell, worthy of a better fate.

Sabbath Day Point Video

Understanding the Sabbath: A Documentary

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It occurs every seven or eight days, in accordance with the four phases of the moon. Buddha taught that Uposatha is for "the cleansing of the defiled mind", resulting in inner calm and joy.

On this day, disciples and monks intensify their practice, deepen their knowledge, and express communal commitment through millennia-old acts of lay-monastic reciprocity.

Thai Chinese likewise observe their Sabbaths and traditional Chinese holidays according to lunar phases, but not on exactly the same days as Uposatha.

These Sabbaths cycle through the month with respect to the Thai solar calendar , so common Thai calendars incorporate Thai and Chinese calendar lunar dates, as well as Uposatha dates, for religious purposes.

The first day of the new moon , beginning at sunrise, is a holiday of quiet reflection and prayer among the Cherokee. Monthly fasting is encouraged, for up to four days.

Work, cooking, sex and childbirth were also prohibited during the empty moon days, called "un-time" or "non-days"; childbirth during these days was considered unlucky.

The Cherokee new year , the "great new moon" or "Hunting Moon", is the first new moon in autumn , after the setting of the Pleiades star cluster and around the time of the Leonids meteoric shower.

One folk tradition in English is the widespread use of "Sabbath" as a synonym of midnight-to-midnight "Saturday" literally, Saturn 's day in at least a dozen languages : this is a simplification of the use of "Sabbath" in other religious contexts, where the two do not coincide.

Using midnight instead of sundown as delimiter dates back to the Roman Empire. In over thirty other languages, the common name for this day in the seven-day week is a cognate of "Sabbath".

It was also believed in the Balkans that someone born on a Saturday could see a vampire when it was otherwise invisible. The annual cycle of the Earth's seasons is called the Wheel of the Year in Wicca and neopaganism.

Eight sabbats occasionally "sabbaths", or "Sun sabbats" are spaced at approximately even intervals throughout the year. Samhain , which coincides with Halloween , is considered the first sabbat of the year.

An esbat is a ritual observance of the full moon in Wicca and neopaganism. Some groups extend the esbat to include the dark moon and the first and last quarters.

European records from the Middle Ages to the 17th century or later also place Witches' Sabbaths on similar dates to sabbats in modern Wicca, but with some disagreement; medieval reports of sabbat activity are generally not firsthand and may be imaginative, but many persons were accused of, or tried for, taking part in sabbats.

The Unification Church has a regular day of worship on Sunday, but every eight days Unificationists celebrate the day of Ahn Shi Il, considered as Sabbath but cycling among the weekdays of the Gregorian calendar.

Secular use of "Sabbath" for "rest day", while it usually refers to the same period of time Sunday as the majority Christian use of "Sabbath", is often stated in North America to refer to different purposes for the rest day than those of Christendom.

In McGowan v. Maryland , the Supreme Court of the United States held that contemporary Maryland blue laws typically, Sunday rest laws were intended to promote the secular values of "health, safety, recreation, and general well-being" through a common day of rest, and that this day coinciding with majority Christian Sabbath neither reduces its effectiveness for secular purposes nor prevents adherents of other religions from observing their own holy days.

Massachusetts , uncharacteristically, does not specify the weekday in its "Day of Rest" statute, providing only that one day off from work is required every week; an unspecified weekly day off is a very widespread business production cycle.

The Supreme Court of Canada , in R. Big M Drug Mart Ltd. Edwards Books and Art Ltd. The weekend is that period of the week set aside by custom or law for rest from labor.

In many countries it is Saturday and Sunday and often includes Friday night. This five-day workweek arose in America when labor unions attempted to accommodate Jewish Sabbath, beginning at a New England cotton mill and also instituted by Henry Ford in ; it became standard in America by about and spread among English-speaking and European countries to become the international workweek.

China adopted it in and Hong Kong by India and some other countries follow both the international workweek and a more traditional Saturday half-workday and Sunday weekend.

While Indonesia and Lebanon have the international workweek, most Muslim countries count Friday as the weekend, alone or with Thursday all or half or Saturday.

Some universities permit a three-day weekend from Friday to Sunday. Only the one-day customary or legal weekends are usually called "Sabbath".

State-mandated rest days are widespread. The reform calendar of the French Revolution was used from to It contained twelve months of three ten-day weeks; the five or six extra days needed to approximate the tropical year were placed after the months at the end of each year.

Three weeks a year were six or seven days, because interrupted by holidays. From to , the Soviets mandated a six-day week, with state rest days for all upon the 6th, 12th, 18th, 24th, and 30th of each Gregorian month , as well as upon March 1.

This also necessitated varying weeks of five to seven days over the year. Among many calendar reform proposals that eliminate the constant seven-day week in exchange for simplified calculation of calendrical data like weekday names for given dates, some retain Sabbatical influences.

The Hermetic Lunar Week Calendar uses moon phases , resulting in weeks of six to nine days. The International Fixed Calendar and World Calendar both consist of day years containing exactly 52 weeks each starting on a day designated as Sunday , with an additional one or two intercalary "blank" days not designated as part of any week Year Day and Leap Day in the International Fixed Calendar; Worldsday and Leapyear Day in the World Calendar.

Reform supporters sought to accommodate Sabbatical observance by retaining the modified week and designating the intercalary days as additional Sabbaths or holidays ; however, religious leaders held that such days disrupt the traditional seven-day weekly cycle.

This unresolved issue contributed to the cessation of reform activities in the s International Fixed Calendar and again in World Calendar , though supporters of both proposals remain.

The subbotnik is a weekly day of volunteer work on Saturday in Russia , other former Soviet republics , the Eastern Bloc , and the German Democratic Republic , sporadically observed since The voskresnik is a related volunteer workday on Sunday.

They focus on community service work; " Lenin 's Subbotnik" was also observed annually around his birthday. From the biblical sabbatical year came the modern concept of a sabbatical , a prolonged, often one-year, hiatus in the career of an individual not usually tied to a seven-year period.

Such a period is often taken in order to fulfill some goal such as writing a book or traveling extensively for research.

Some universities and other institutional employers of scientists, physicians, or academics offer paid sabbatical as an employee benefit, called "sabbatical leave"; some companies offer unpaid sabbatical for people wanting to take career breaks.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Day set aside for rest and worship. This article is about rest or worship time.

For other uses, see Sabbath disambiguation. Further information: Biblical Sabbath. See also: Hebrew calendar. Main article: Shabbaton. Main article: Sabbath in Christianity.

See also: Gregorian calendar. Further information: Puritan Sabbath. Main article: Sabbath in seventh-day churches.

Main articles: Sabbath in Christianity and Sabbath in seventh-day churches. See also: New moon. Main article: Day of the Vow.

Main article: Millennial Day Theory. Main article: Jumu'ah. See also: Islamic calendar. Main article: Seven-day week.

Main article: High Sabbaths. See also: Zoroastrian festivals. See also: Second Temple. Main article: Uposatha. Further information: Wan Phra.

Further information: Saturday. See also: Sabbat , Esbat , and Witches' Sabbath. See also: Ahn Shi Il. See also: Secular day of rest and Weekend.

Main article: sabbatical. Judaism portal Christianity portal Islam portal. Retrieved 13 May Israelology: the missing link in systematic theology.

Tustin, Calif. Leviticus: A Study Guide Commentary. Grand Rapids:Zondervan Publishing House. Parliament of Tonga. Retrieved 20 August American Journal of Human Genetics.

III, chap. Henry Tuberville, D. Augsburg Confession. Stephen Keenan, , A Doctrinal Catechism. Challoner, p. Retrieved New York: Columbia University Press.

Harpercollins College Div. Miscellaneous Subjects: Once there, however, we saw that instead of being seven they were seventeen, all riflemen.

Remember though, if one of you is willing to lead, I will be the first to follow. The Indians plundered the prisoners of their cloathing which I purchased of them again in part to cover the Prisoners from the cold.

Adams being well acquainted with Capt. McKoy, he pleading that he was only an inhabitant did not belong to the Army obtained Leave to return after marching In May , seventeen-year-old Thomas Man, a member of a prominent Stillwater family and a pre-war militia lieutenant, had been brought before the Albany Committee of Correspondence as a suspected Tory.

During his trudge northward, he was intercepted at Sabbath Day Point by a detachment of rangers commanded by Captain Baldwin. MacKay noted that his party and the prisoners left the lake on March 20 to go to the appointed rendezvous to meet the other scouts.

The next day, he reported,. Finding Samuel Adams, a Royalist who lives on the Landing place at Lake George not in condition to follow us, after getting from him every information I suffered him to return being afraid that by his not being able to march the Indians might kill him.

We arrived at the place of rendezvous where we met Mr. La Ronde examined the situation of Fort George and the works about it and give pretty nearly the same account as Samuel Adams.

I have examined none of the Prisoners that we brought nor has any of the Party. We arrived at Montreal with a Captain and twenty-one men Prisoners. I must observe that the Indians in prosecuting our route to Tyconderoga very much retarded us by idling away their time and in not following my orders of march, as a convincing proof of it I must take notice that we performed the same journey in ten days in returning which had taken us Twenty three days in going.

I was informed by Messrs. Lorime and St. These events greatly alarmed the rebel garrison of Ticonderoga. Colonel Anthony Wayne wrote to the governor and council of Massachusetts on March 25,.

Gentlemen: —A party of Cochnawago Indians, under the command of a Captain McCoy, of the British forces, have killed several of our people, and taken Captain Baldwin, with twenty-one men, prisoners, at a place called Sabbath-day Point, on the 20th instant, by which means the enemy, who are now all collected at Montreal, Chambly, St.

It is the opinion of those who are best acquainted with Lake Champlain, that it will be navigable in the course of two or three weeks at farthest.

It is, therefore, my duty to inform you that we have not more than twelve hundred men, sick and well, officers included, on the ground; four hundred of which are militia, whose times expire in ten days; nor from what I can learn, by the best authority, is there any probability of a sufficient number of troops arriving from the eastward, for a very considerable time, as few, if any of their regiments are near full, and great part of those who were enlisted have deserted or are straggling through the country.

Add to this, that their officers seem seized with a general torpor which can not be accounted for , especially at a time when every effort is absolutely necessary to push on the troops, and to give them some idea of duty and discipline previous to their entering into action.

I must beg, sir, that you would once more endeavor to rouse the public officers in those States from their shameful lethargy before it be too late.

I do assure you that there is not one moment to spare in bringing in troops and the necessary supplies. The few men I have on the ground are put to hard, very hard duty; but they go through all with a ready cheerfulness, conscious of the pressing necessity.

Whilst I am writing, Mr. Adams, who lives at Lake George landing, has arrived almost spent. He, with Captain Baldwin of the Rangers, belonging to Stillwater, and twenty-one men, were made prisoners at Sabbath-day Point by a party of Cochnawago Indians and Canadians, amounting to about twenty, under the command of Captain McCoy, of the Regulars.

Adams and two of the soldiers were taken last Wednesday afternoon. Lieutenant Henry defended himself with great bravery for a considerable time, dangerously wounding two of the Indians with his navy [dirk?

He at last fell, worthy of a better fate. Adams says he informed him of another party hovering round this post; but, if that was true, I believe they would not have mentioned it.

He further says that the Indians came by the way of Omergotchy, and that he was set at liberty on account of being weakly and a former acquaintance of Captain McCoy, who also informed him that the enemy are collected at St.

I have sent Captain Whitcomb, with a party of Rangers, to bury the dead, and hope soon to retaliate on the British butchers. After abandoning command of his company of Canadians, which went on to serve under St.

MacKay served in an unknown capacity at the Hubbardton battle, and again as a volunteer in the Bennington battle.

Pfister was killed in the Bennington battle and none of his officers were sufficiently confident to take command, so Burgoyne appointed MacKay the captain-commandant.

This small battalion was very active during the remainder of the campaign, but when MacKay and most of his men were cut off from the main army and went to Ticonderoga, Burgoyne was enraged.

MacKay protested to the home government, but tragically died before he was exonerated and promoted to major. De Lorimier also served at Bennington with the Native contingent and was grievously wounded in the leg.

He was out of action until July when he led a raid against Fort Stanwix that yielded thirty-eight prisoners and ten scalps; however, the rigorous activity had been too much for him and he collapsed from exhaustion while delivering his report to Gov.

Frederick Haldimand in Quebec City. Subsequent medical treatment almost killed him, but his robust constitution won out, although his war was over.

Nonetheless, he continued to lead a fulfilling life, marrying a succession of three women and siring twelve children. As well as his role as the Indian Department agent at Kahnawake, he served for four years as a member in the Lower Canadian House of Assembly.

When war against the United States broke out in , he was appointed resident captain to the Kahnawakes and other Iroquois Indians. He died in at Kahnawake, a man of great accomplishment.

Dresler includes a list of the Franco- and Anglo-volunteers taken prisoner at St. II, Victoria, BC: Press Porcepic, n. Paul Stevens theorizes that this was not an oversight, but a deliberate decision, as during this time period, Roman Catholics were not allowed to hold commissions in the British Service.

Allan Maclean of the Royal Highland Emigrants. Amande is St. Amande Soumande, one of many variant names for Jean Soumande Delorme.

Stevens, Allies , endnote 11, XV, The Revolutionary Journal of Col. Oddly enough, on March 27, his company and nine other ranger companies had been discharged.

Sadly, his account of the action abruptly ends here. Jeduthan Baldwin, e ntry for March 22, Flick, eds. Gavin K. The company was dismissed in the Spring of and permitted to return home.

V, Edinburgh: , ; one of the captured men was an Englishman named Joseph Clarke who had been in America for a year before being jailed in Albany from where he was forced to enlist.

He then deserted, but had been taken up and was being escorted to jail in Albany. HP, AddMss, f Jeduthan Baldwin , entry for March 22, Clair ; T.

Egly, jr. Randall, , 60, Egly advises that Lt. This is substantiated by a regimental Return of March, listing his name. Heny, of which he is getting better.

Few folks are aware of such happenings. Few are also aware of the frequent French-Canadien involvement in activities on both sides of the conflict.

This piece should help enlighten many. They tomahawked four of the men on the spot and fired a ball through the upper part of the breast of Capt.

Henry, of which he is getting better. Only two of the party, beside the wounded officer, got clear of the Savages, the remainder that were not killed were taken prisoners.

If they had drawn theirs from the stores at Ti, they might well have had to return them when they received orders to move to Fort George since the garrison at Ti suffered from a shortage of arms.

Having done extensive research on Capt. Would that by Tryon County North Carolina? At the time, Tryon County was the largest county by land-mass in New York.

Yup, same guy. When he left North Carolina in ? The coolest thing about Tryon was that when the kerfuffle of revolutionary fervor heated up in NYC and before the British invasion in the summer of , he took refuge in the British sloop-of-war Halifax in the harbor.

He was left alone and still technically remained in office. Even more interesting, however, are the revelations that the guns they did possess were not even loaded and that guards which should have been in place around the camp for security had not been set.

Sabbath Day Point Video

Sabbath Day Point